Encyclopedia … combined with a great Buyer's Guide!

Keywords beginning with M

On this page you find all our articles on keywords beginning with "M". Further below, you find the acronyms.

(See also: list of products for the letter M.)

M2 factor

Mach–Zehnder interferometers → interferometers


magnifying glasses

manufacturing of optics → optical fabrication

Marcuse formula → mode radius

master equation → Haus master equation

master laser

master oscillator fiber amplifier

master oscillator fiber amplifier: Spotlight 2010-03-22: All-in-one concepts versus modular concepts

master oscillator fiber amplifier: Spotlight 2008-12-16: Why fiber amplifiers, not fiber lasers?

master oscillator power amplifier

master oscillator power amplifier: Spotlight 2010-03-22: All-in-one concepts versus modular concepts

matrix method for multilayer structures → dielectric mirrors

McCumber theory

mechanical fiber splices

medical lasers

meniscus lenses → lenses

mercury vapor lamps

metal halide lamps

metal vapor lamps

metal vapor lasers

metal-coated mirrors

metalenses → photonic metasurfaces

metal–semiconductor–metal photodetectors

metamaterials → photonic metamaterials

metastable states

metasurfaces → photonic metasurfaces

metrology → optical metrology

Michelson interferometers

Michelson–Morley experiment: Spotlight 2008-07-13: The simplified history of the Michelson–Morley experiment


microbends of fibers

microcavities → cavities

microchannel plate detectors → photomultipliers

microchannel plates

microchip lasers

microchip lasers: Spotlight 2018-09-28: Resonator modes in microchip lasers

microlens arrays


micromachining → laser micromachining

microscope objectives


microstructure fibers → photonic crystal fibers

microwave over fiber → radio and microwave over fiber

mid-infrared fibers

mid-infrared laser sources

mid-infrared spectrometers

miniature lasers

mirror substrates

mirror-like reflection → specular reflection


misalignment → alignment sensitivity of optical resonators

misalignment of fibers → fiber joints

misalignment of resonators: How to calculate misalignment effects in laser resonators

mm mrad → beam parameter product

modal bandwidth

modal dispersion → intermodal dispersion

modal refractive index → effective refractive index

mode area → effective mode area

mode cleaner cavities

mode cleaners

mode competition

mode competition: Spotlight 2007-07-16: Mode competition – increased or decreased by spatial hole burning?

mode coupling

mode coupling: Spotlight 2016-08-11: Mode coupling in optical fibers: selective excitation of a higher-order mode with a fiber Bragg grating

mode coupling: Spotlight 2006-07-24: Beam distortions in laser cavities

mode coupling: Case study: mode coupling in a fiber Bragg grating

mode cut-off → cut-off wavelength

mode division multiplexing

mode field converters

mode field diameter → mode radius

mode hopping

mode instabilities in fibers: Spotlight 2011-05-28: Explanation for the mode instability in high-power fiber amplifiers with few-mode fibers

mode lockers → mode locking devices

mode locking

mode locking: Spotlight 2017-08-31: Passive mode locking with slow saturable absorbers: surprisingly stable!

mode locking: Spotlight 2017-04-12: Does a saturable absorber in a laser lead to passive Q switching or mode locking?

mode locking: Self starting of passively mode-locked lasers: difficult to model

mode locking devices

mode matching

mode radius

mode radius: Spotlight 2014-07-28: How to define the mode radius of a fiber?

mode solvers → fiber simulation software

mode strippers → cladding mode strippers

mode-locked diode lasers

mode-locked fiber lasers

mode-locked fiber lasers: Spotlight 2010-03-22: All-in-one concepts versus modular concepts

mode-locked fiber lasers: Spotlight 2009-08-22: Jitter and phase noise of mode-docked fiber lasers

mode-locked fiber lasers: Spotlight 2009-01-05: Extremely long mode-locked fiber laser

mode-locked fiber lasers: Spotlight 2008-03-17: Ultrafast fiber lasers: re-inventing mode Locking

mode-locked fiber lasers: Case study: mode-locked fiber laser

mode-locked fiber lasers: Case study: mode-locked fiber laser

mode-locked lasers

mode-locked lasers: Spotlight 2011-12-23: mode-locked thin-disk laser

mode-locked lasers: Spotlight 2008-03-26: Mode-locked lasers: lower average powers in shorter pulses

modeling → laser modeling and simulation

modeling: Spotlight 2006-11-16: Laser models – not always useful

modeling: What makes a good physics model

modeling: Ultrashort pulse simulations with the RP Fiber Power software


modes: Tutorial chapter on fiber modes

modes: Case study: Mode structure of a step-index multimode fiber

modes: Spotlight 2008-04-15: Abused photonics terms: modes

modes: Propagating optical fields in fibers based on modes or with numerical beam propagation

modes of laser operation

modified chemical vapor deposition → fiber fabrication

modulation depth

modulational instability

modulators → optical modulators

molecular lasers

monochromatic light

monochromatic light: Spotlight 2019-08-26: Can monochromatic light be unpolarized?

monochromaticity → linewidth


monocrystalline fibers → single-crystal fibers

monocrystalline mirrors → crystalline mirrors

monofrequency lasers → single-frequency lasers

monolithic solid-state lasers

monomode fibers → single-mode fibers

multi-core fibers

multi-line lasers

multi-mode fibers → multimode fibers

multi-phonon transitions

multi-phonon transitions: Spotlight 2018-04-06: Laser physics: the essential roles of phonons in solid-state lasers

multi-stage amplifiers → amplifier chains

multi-stage amplifiers: Tutorial chapter on multi-stage fiber amplifiers

multi-stage amplifiers: Modeling multi-stage amplifiers with RP Fiber Power

multi-wavelength lasers → multi-line lasers

multilayer coatings → dielectric coatings

multilayer mirrors → dielectric mirrors

multimode beams

multimode fibers

multimode fibers: Tutorial chapter on multimode fibers

multimode fibers: Case study: Number of modes of a highly multimode fiber

multimode fibers: Launching light into step-index multimode fibers

multimode fibers: Spotlight 2013-11-12: Beam quality limit for multimode fibers

multimode pump combiners → fiber-optic pump combiners

multimode waveguides → waveguides

multipass amplifiers

multipass amplifiers: Case study: multipass amplifier

multipass gas cells

multiphonon absorption

multiphoton absorption

multiphoton ionization → laser-induced breakdown

multiphoton microscopy → fluorescence microscopy

multiple pulses → double pulses

multispectral imaging

Acronyms with M

MCAO = multiconjugate adaptive optics

MCF = multi-core fiber

MCP = microchannel plate

MCVD = modified chemical vapor deposition → fiber fabrication

MDM = mode division multiplexing

MFD = mode field diameter → mode radius

MI = modulational instability

MISER = monolithic isolated single-mode end-pumped ring → NPRO = nonplanar ring oscillator

MMF = multimode fiber

MOF = microstructure optical fiber → photonic crystal fibers

MOFA = master oscillator fiber amplifier

MOPA = master oscillator power amplifier

MOPFA = master oscillator power fiber amplifier

MQW = multiple quantum wells

MSM photodetector = metal–semiconductor–metal photodetector

… and if you need any more help on such topics, consider to use the consulting services of RP Photonics AG! There is a variety of services available in topical areas such as lasers, amplifiers, nonlinear optics, fiber optics, ultrashort pulses, multilayer mirrors, noise and fluctuations, and other topics in photonics and optoelectronics.