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Modal Bandwidth

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Definition: the maximum optical bandwidth (limited by intermodal dispersion) which can be used in a telecom fiber

Categories: lightwave communications, fiber optics and waveguides, light pulses

How to cite the article; suggest additional literature

The bandwidth of a telecom fiber is understood to be the maximum bandwidth of signals which can be transmitted through the fiber without obtaining strong signal degradations. In case of multimode fibers, that bandwidth is usually limited by intermodal dispersion. In such cases, it is called the modal bandwidth. As that bandwidth is often inversely proportional to the used length of fiber, it is common to specifies the bandwidth–distance product. Note, however, that the modal properties of the fiber can in principle change along the length, so that the modal bandwidth may not be inversely proportional to the fiber length.

The modal bandwidth is often determined based on time-domain measurements. Essentially, one measures the temporal response of the system (output power vs. time) when ultrashort pulses are launched into the fiber. The result can substantially depend on the launch conditions, because these determine the distribution of optical power over the fiber modes, which generally have different group velocities. Therefore, the modal bandwidth is not a property of the fiber alone. Different ways have been developed for handling that problem. It is common to measure the differential mode delay (DMD) for variable launch conditions, but different methods are used to derive a modal bandwidth from the results:

There have been arguments between fiber manufacturers about what kind of detailed specification is most practical and reliable for estimating or guaranteeing the performance of fiber-optic links. Such arguments are often brought forward with somewhat unclear technical details, apparently trying to gain advantages for the marketing from the created impression concerning the reliability of different transmission fibers.

See also: intermodal dispersion, differential mode delay, bandwidth
and other articles in the categories lightwave communications, fiber optics and waveguides, light pulses

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