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Optical Filters

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Definition: devices with a wavelength-dependent transmission or reflectivity

German: optische Filter

Category: photonic devices

How to cite the article; suggest additional literature

An optical filter is usually meant to be a component with a wavelength-dependent (actually frequency-dependent) transmission or reflectivity, although there are also filters where the dependence is on polarization or spatial distribution, or some uniform level of attenuation is provided. Filters with particularly weak wavelength dependence of the transmittance are called neutral density filters.

Types of Optical Filters

There are many different types of optical filters, based on different physical principles. Some examples of optical filters are:

Concerning the shape of the transmission curve, there are

edge filter

Figure 1: Reflectivity curve of a dielectric edge filter with high transmission below 980 nm and high reflectivity above 1030 nm. Starting from an analytically formulated design, the performance has been further optimized numerically (using the software RP Coating). Such a filter can be used for injecting pump light into the ytterbium-doped crystal of a laser.

Applications

Examples of applications of optical filters are:

See also: neutral density filters, rugate filters, volume Bragg gratings, wavelength tuning, gain equalization, optical fiber communications
and other articles in the category photonic devices

In the RP Photonics Buyer's Guide, 183 suppliers for optical filters are listed.

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