Technical consulting services on lasers, nonlinear optics, fiber optics etc.
Profit from the knowledge and experience of a top expert!
Powerful simulation and design software.
Make computer models in order to get a comprehensive understanding of your devices!
Success comes from understanding – be it in science or in industrial development.
The famous Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology – available online for free!
The ideal place for finding suppliers for many photonics products.
Advertisers: Make sure to have your products displayed here!
A planar waveguide made on a crystal or glass piece.
Planar waveguides are waveguides with a planar geometry, which guide light only in one dimension.
They are often fabricated in the form of a thin transparent film with increased refractive index on some substrate, or possibly embedded between two substrate layers.
For example, a thin neodymium-dopedYAG layer can be embedded in undoped YAG with slightly lower refractive index (see Figure 1).
Such active planar waveguides are sometimes used e.g. for optical amplifiers with high gain (compared with that of bulk amplifiers) and relatively high power (at least multiple watts).
There are also planar waveguide lasers.
Some of these devices can be pumped with a proximity-coupled laser diode, not requiring any pump optics.
A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, Chapman and Hall, London (1983)