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RP Fiber Power – Simulation and Design Software for Fiber Optics, Amplifiers and Fiber Lasers

Example Case: ASE Source with Automatic Spectral Optimization

Description of the Model

We simulate a source of amplified spontaneous emission with the following properties:

  • The ytterbium-doped single-mode fiber is pumped at 975 nm.
  • Initially, the fiber is assumed to be not reflecting on both ends. This leads to about equal ASE powers in forward and backward direction, with the spectral shape being determined by the emission and absorption cross-sections (among other factors).
  • We then automatically optimize the reflectivities on the left side of the fiber to obtain an ASE spectrum in forward direction which is as flat as possible in a given spectral range of 1010 nm to 1050 nm. This takes a few lines of script code.


Figure 1 shows the ASE spectrum during and after automatic optimization (with several iterations) of the reflectivities at the left fiber end, and the required reflectivity curve.

optimized ASE spectrum
Figure 1: Olive: power spectral density of the ASE during and after automatic optimization of the reflectivities at the left end. The thickest curve shows the final spectrum. Black: required reflectivity curve.

The result is a very flat ASE spectrum. It is achieved with a reflectivity which is highest at the outer parts of the chosen spectral range. In the middle part, where the gain is highest, the reflectivity must be low. Of course, it may be challenging to precisely realize such a reflectivity spectrum.

Figure 2 shows the internal spatial distribution of spectrally resolved ASE. It is apparent that the power spectral density of the ASE is flat on the right side within the given spectral region, whereas the spectral distribution at other locations is different.

internal ASE distribution
Figure 2: Internal spatial and spectral distribution of ASE, shown with a logarithmic color scale.

The presented optimization technique has been successfully used in an experiment, see R. Paschotta et al., “Efficient superfluorescent light sources with broad bandwidth”, IEEE J. Sel. Topics on Quantum Electron. 3 (4), 1097 (1997).

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