The Photonics Spotlight
Dangerous Green Laser Pointers
Posted on 2006-12-16 (revised on 2011-01-14) as a part of the Photonics Spotlight (available as e-mail newsletter!)
Permanent link: https://www.rp-photonics.com/spotlight_2006_12_16.html
Abstract: Here is a safety warning, reporting about cheap green laser pointers which emit dangerous levels of optical power in a green beam, sometimes even mixed with infrared light of even higher power. Such a laser product can destroy an eye within a fraction of a second.
Here is a safety warning which might help to prevent terrible accidents. I just learned that some people are selling quite cheap "laser pointers" via ebay, emitting green light at a power level of the order of 100 mW. Such a power level is of course well above what is reasonable for a laser pointer – about 1 mW should normally be enough. (Less optical power is required for a green laser pointer, as compared to a red one, since the eye is significantly more sensitive to green light.) Indeed it is shown that such lasers can ignite a watch, burn skin, etc.
To make things worse, there are reports that such pointers sometimes even don't have a proper filter to remove the infrared light! Without a filter, there can be an infrared power of many hundreds of milliwatts, as the green light is not directly generated with a laser diode, but rather by frequency doubling the output of an infrared solid-state laser (a kind of microchip laser) which itself is pumped with an infrared laser diode.
Even without the infrared light, such devices are rather dangerous: directly looking into the beam, you can destroy your eye within a fraction of a second. Even a weak reflection is strong enough to cause an injury of the retina.
I leave it to the readers to judge how responsible it is to sell such devices as “laser pointers”, not even making people aware how hazardous they are.
Thanks to Russell Grew who made me aware of this.
In 01/2011, I found an interesting article on that topic: "The dangerous dark companion of bright green lasers"
This article is a posting of the Photonics Spotlight, authored by Dr. Rüdiger Paschotta. You may link to this page and cite it, because its location is permanent. See also the Encyclopedia of Laser Physics and Technology.
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